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Historically, all living things were classified as either animals or plant; and botany covered the study of all organisms not considered to be animals. Plants are crucial to the future of human society as they provide food, oxygen, medicine, and products for people, as well as creating and preserving soil. Graduates with M. Sc. in Botany can progress to a wide range of careers. They can work in national and international organization in either public or private sectors as Biodiversity Researchers, Environmental Scientists, Nature Reserve Managers, Research Scientists, Wildlife Management Advisors, Project Officers, etc. In order to develop human resources in the field Botany through appropriate education and research MSc programme in Botany has recently been launched in department. This program has an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary scope enabling students to understand the significance and concepts of Botany. It aims to:  Produce dynamic young graduates in the field of Botany by developing strong skill, academic foundation, and professionalism enabling them to compete in governmental and non-governmental sectors. Demonstrate comprehensive understanding of Botany as an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary subject Achieve awareness about the evolutionary trends, plants systematics, and environmental considerations in pursuit of nature conservation. Understand the relationship between economic growth and importance of indigenous plant resources.

Eligibility Criteria

Candidates with the following qualification may apply for admission in MSc Botany: i. BSc majors in Botany with at least 2nd division from the formal education system ii. Candidates having BS in Agriculture with at least 2nd division Foreign degree holders will need to produce equivalence certificate from HEC for admission in MSc

Selection Process

The admission will be strictly on merit which will be determined by departmental admission committee. Only selected candidates will be granted Admission subject to fulfilling Eligibility criteria.


2 years

Medium of Instruction


Teaching Methodology

Face to face classes on weekends

AIOU Credits Required

64 credit hours

1. Diversity Of Vascular Plants
2. Plant Anatomy
3. Introductory Biochemistry
4. Phycology And Bryology
5. Bacteriology And Virology

1. Plant Ecology-I
2. Plant Physiology-I
3. Molecular Biology
4. Plant Biochemistry
5. Mycology And Plant Pathology

1. Plant Ecology-II
2. Plant Systematics
3. Plant Physiology-II
4. Genetics-I
5. Scientific Research 
6. Biostatistics

1. Research Project
2. Genetics-II
3. Biotechnology
4. Environmental Biology-4461

Elective / Major Courses:







Student will choose topics for research after consultation with the faculty members of the department.


Practical work can be either spread over the entire semester or can be adjusted into 4- 5 day workshop for each course towards the end of the semester


Final viva-voce will be conducted for evaluation of research project/thesis at department level.




The Allama Iqbal Open University was established in May, 1974, with the main objectives of providing educational opportunities to masses and to those who cannot leave their homes and jobs. During all these past years, the University has more than fulfilled this promise.